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What You Need to Know About Bordeaux Wines

History of Bordeaux wines

 

Bordeaux is a region in southwestern France that is known for its production of high-quality red, white, and sweet wines. The history of Bordeaux wines dates back to the Roman times, when the region was known for its production of wine made from the grape variety called "biturica."

 

During the Middle Ages, the monasteries in Bordeaux played a significant role in the production and distribution of wine, and the region became an important trading center for wine. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the Bordeaux wine industry experienced significant growth, with the establishment of new vineyards and the development of new winemaking techniques.

 

One of the most famous and influential classification systems for Bordeaux wines was established in the mid-19th century and is still used today. This classification system divides the region's wines into several categories based on the quality and reputation of the vineyards. The top category includes wines from the most prestigious estates, known as "First Growths," while the lower categories include wines from less well-known estates.

 

Bordeaux wines are known for their complex flavors and aromas and are often highly sought after by wine collectors and enthusiasts. They are made from a blend of grape varieties, including Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, and Petit Verdot, and are typically aged for several years before being released for sale.

 

Grape varieties grown in Bordeaux

The Bordeaux region of France is known for producing high-quality red, white, and sweet wines made from a variety of grape varieties. Some of the most well-known grape varieties grown in Bordeaux include:

 

    • Cabernet Sauvignon: This is a red grape variety that is known for producing full-bodied, tannic wines with flavors of black currant, blackberry, and cedar. It is often blended with other grape varieties, such as Merlot and Cabernet franc, to create Bordeaux red wines.

 

    • Merlot: This is a red grape variety that is known for producing soft, fruity wines with flavors of black cherry, plum, and chocolate. It is often blended with Cabernet Sauvignon to create Bordeaux red wines.

 

    • Cabernet franc: This is a red grape variety that is known for producing lighter, more elegant wines with flavors of red fruit, pepper, and herbs. It is often blended with Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot to create Bordeaux red wines.

 

    • Petit Verdot: This is a red grape variety that is known for producing tannic, full-bodied wines with flavors of black fruit, spice, and earth. It is often used in small quantities to add structure and depth to Bordeaux red wines.

 

    • Sauvignon Blanc: This is a white grape variety that is known for producing crisp, refreshing wines with flavors of citrus, green apple, and grass. It is often blended with Semillon to create Bordeaux white wines.

 

    • Semillon: This is a white grape variety that is known for producing rich, full-bodied wines with flavors of tropical fruit, honey, and beeswax. It is often blended with Sauvignon Blanc to create Bordeaux white wines.

 

Bordeaux wine regions

The region is divided into several distinct areas, each of which has its own unique characteristics and produces wines with distinct flavors and aromas.

Some of the main areas in the Bordeaux wine region include:

    • M├ędoc: This area is located on the left bank of the Gironde estuary and is known for producing some of the finest red wines in the world. The wines of the M├ędoc are made from a blend of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet franc, and Petit Verdot grapes and are aged for several years before being released for sale.

 

    • Graves: This area is located south of the city of Bordeaux and is known for producing both red and white wines. The red wines of Graves are made from a blend of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet franc, and Petit Verdot grapes, while the white wines are made from Sauvignon Blanc and Semillon grapes.

 

    • Saint-├ëmilion: This area is located east of Bordeaux and is known for producing high-quality red wines. The wines of Saint-├ëmilion are made from a blend of Merlot, Cabernet franc, and Cabernet Sauvignon grapes and are aged for several years before being released for sale.

 

    • Sauternes: This area is located south of Bordeaux and is known for producing some of the finest sweet wines in the world. The wines of Sauternes are made from Semillon and Sauvignon Blanc grapes and are aged for several years before being released for sale.

 

These are just a few examples of the many areas in the Bordeaux wine region, and there are many other smaller areas as well that are known for their production of high-quality wines. 

 

What is a Grand Cru Classe?

 

Grand cru classe is a classification of wine that is used to denote the highest quality wines produced in the Bordeaux region of France. Wines that are classified as grand cru classe are made from grapes grown in the best vineyards and are considered to be the finest wines produced in the region.

The 1855 Grand Cru Classe classification is a classification system for Bordeaux wines that was established in 1855 to identify the highest-quality wines produced in the region. The classification divides the wines of Bordeaux into several categories based on the quality and reputation of the vineyards, with the top category reserved for the most prestigious estates, known as "First Growths."

 

The 1855 Grand Cru Classe classification is considered to be an important part of the history and tradition of Bordeaux wines, and many wine collectors and enthusiasts seek out these wines as a result. However, it is important to note that the classification is based on the reputation of the vineyards and is not necessarily a definitive indicator of quality.

 

Grand cru classe wines are made from a blend of grape varieties, like for example Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet franc, and Petit Verdot. They are typically aged for several years before being released for sale. They are known for their complex flavors and aromas and are often highly prized for their depth and character.

 

 

Most well-known Bordeaux Wineries:

 

The Bordeaux region of France is home to many prestigious wineries that are known for producing high-quality red, white, and sweet wines. Some of the most famous wineries in Bordeaux include:

 

    • Ch├óteau Lafite Rothschild: This winery is located in the Pauillac region of Bordeaux and is known for producing some of the finest red wines in the world. Its wines are made from a blend of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet franc, and Petit Verdot grapes and are aged for several years before being released for sale.

 

    • Ch├óteau Margaux: This winery is located in the Margaux region of Bordeaux and is known for producing elegant, refined red wines. Its wines are made from a blend of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet franc, and Petit Verdot grapes and are aged for several years before being released for sale.

 

    • Ch├óteau Mouton Rothschild: This winery is located in the Pauillac region of Bordeaux and is known for producing bold, full-bodied red wines. Its wines are made from a blend of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet franc, and Petit Verdot grapes and are aged for several years before being released for sale.

 

    • Ch├óteau Haut-Brion: This winery is located in the Pessac-L├ęognan region of Bordeaux and is known for producing high-quality red wines with a distinct character. Its wines are made from a blend of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet franc, and Petit Verdot grapes and are aged for several years before being released for sale.

 

    • Ch├óteau d'Yquem: This winery is located in the Sauternes region of Bordeaux and is known for producing some of the finest sweet wines in the world. Its wines are made from Semillon and Sauvignon Blanc grapes and are aged for several years before being released for sale.

 

 

These are just a few examples of the many famous wineries in Bordeaux, and there are many others as well that are known for producing high-quality wines.

Go to our online wine store to discover a wide variety of Bordeaux wines. Don┬┤t forget to subscribe to our newsletter to be the first one to hear about the latest news!

 

See you next time, wine lovers,

 

Victoria Estrada

 

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